1. TANK MANAGEMENT (2006 - 2016)

2. Telangana Water Sector Improvement Project (TSWSIP)

 3. MISSION KAKATIYA (ONGOING)

4. JAL KRANTHI ABHIYAN (ONGOING)

5. PMKSY (ONGOING)

6. HYDROLOGY PROJECT PHASE-I (1996-2002)

7. HYDROLOGY PROJECT-II (2006-2014) 

8. NATIONAL HYDROLOGY PROJECT (ONGOING)

 

1. Telangana Community Based Tank Management Programme (TSCBTMP)

The World Bank Assisted Telangana Community Based Tank Management Project  has been successfully implemented by the Government of erstwhile  Andhra Pradesh since 2006-07 on words,  with a basic project cost of Rs.9.46crores and revised to Rs.5.773 Crcrores by end of March 2016 and the project is going to  closed in  July 2016.

Objective 
Participatory Ground Water Management (PGM) component of TCBTMP aims at empowering ground water users in the tank influence zone to wisely manage the dynamic ground water resources, replenished through rainfall, surface water sources and return circulation from irrigated areas. 

Operational area
The 172 selected project tanks are falling with in 73  over exploited and critical ground water basins as identified by the Ground Water Department, covering 105 mandals in 7 districts. The selected tanks generally have deeper water levels in their vicinity, high density of extraction structures, underlain by hard rocks with good and moderate yields. 

Selection criteria for PGM interventions 
Tank village to fall in Typology A & B
Identification of Tanks in assessment units based on category & stage of GW development. 

Reconnoitery investigations:
• To study structural controls
• Density of bore wells showing 15-20 wells per sq km
• Effect of tank water on ground water for taking up ground water interventions.
• Demarcation of zone of Influence. 
Inventory of 20% wells existing in the command and zone of influence of the selected tank area. 
Selection of 5 representative wells for Participatory Hydrological Monitoring (PHM). 

Co-option of ground water users into WUA:
GO MS No.160 dated:24.09.2008 facilitates cooption of ground water users into WUA:
“Government after careful examination of the issue, it is ordered that the District Collectors co-opt such of the members having customary right like fishermen, people engaged in making pottery, washer men, Ground Water users outside the command area but within the demarcated zone of tanks selected for the Participatory Ground Water Management (PGM) activities under projects who are dependent on the water source for their livelihood into the respective Water Users Associations and prepare (or) cause to prepare the list of all other water users in form “C”.
Therefore, the DPU may facilitate cooption to WUA of Ground Water users out side the command area but within the demarcated zone of influence of tanks selected for PGM activities. 

Zone of influence (ZoI): As part of PGM component, the Ground Water Department is responsible for selection of tanks, demarcating the zone of influence, identification of 5 farmers for Participatory Hydrological Monitoring (PHM), installation of the PHM equipment, and selection of sites, and drilling of additional piezometers. 
The concept of delineating the zone of influence (ZoI) is the unique contribution of TCBTMP Project. 

PGM process: PGM proposes to build the capacity of the community for collection, analysis and management of data on rainfall, Ground Water recharge, and extraction leading to Ground Water balance estimation. This would in turn facilitate crop planning and crop water budgeting by the community to arrive at decisions to balance recharge and draft. Over a few years, when the community would have generated reliable time series data, it will be feasible to do crop water budgeting more precisely and take precautionary measures for drought proofing. 
These exercises will provide the community with knowledge and motivation for social regulation on ground water and natural resources management. Improving water use efficiency and diversifying livelihoods are important strategies for sustainable ground water management and adaptation to climate change. Issues of equity and vulnerability will be better addressed by an informed community, which controls and manages its own ground water and other natural resources. 

PGM group formation: All Ground Water (GW) Users in the Zone of Influence (ZoI) including the command area of the tank selected for PGM interventions under the TCBTMP will be organized into PGM Groups, each group consisting of a maximum of TEN (10) GW user families.
Two persons from each GW user family, of whom one must be a woman, shall become members of a PGM Group.
PGM groups shall be organized around a PHM well, comprising ground water users from contiguous or nearby plots. Where there are more than 10 user families around a PHM well, more than ONE PGM group will be formed.
Each PGM group may be designated with a local name for identity. 

Capacity building: Capacity Building of PGM group is carried out by Training Resource Persons (TRP) through specially designed training modules. Besides the PHM farmers, the trainings seek to build the capacities of the identifiespara workers to make a community initiative PGM. 

Participatory Hydrological Monitoring: The PHM equipment is procured by the Ground Water Department for each tank at a unit cost of Rs.1.20 lakhs comprising: 
a) Water level measurement equipment.
b) Water discharge measurement equipment, and
c) Rain gauge stations.
PHM volunteers and para workers in the tank influence zone have come forward to spare their bore wells to make the necessary modifications for data collection. They also collect and record the PHM data regularly on a voluntary basis. 

PGM data generation: Central to PGM is generating awareness about the need to manage the resource among the primary stakeholders. This can be best achieved by their active involvement through collection of the data on rainfall, water levels and discharge from their own bore wells. PHM volunteers record these data systematically and analyse them with the assistances of TRPs. The collection of data ultimately leads to resource estimation in the zone of influence and crop water budgeting. 

Crop Water Budgeting (CWB): The ultimate objective of the PHM initiative in a tank is to enable the ground water user community to understand the resource position in the zone of influence through the data collected and analyzed by the themselves. This would enable them to plan for appropriate crops in the ensuring RABI season. The process involves the following activities.
1. Collection of the data from the Zone of Influence of the tank.
2. Collection of PHM data using the equipment supplied.
3. Resource estimation using the analyzed PHM data and presenting them to the community.
4. Preparation of crop plans for the ensuring RABI season and revisions based on consensus in CWB workshop.
5. Crop plan adoption by the community.
6. Promotion of social regulation, efficient water use, water sharing etc., leading to wise water use. 

 

2. Telangana Water Sector Improvement Project (TSWSIP)

 APWSIP is also called as Nagarjuna Sagar Modernization Programme, in which groundwater component is one of the constituent. Under this 2 projects have been initiated in two pilots. One is User Centered Aquifer Level Groundwater Management pilot in Nalgonda district and other is Conjunctive use of surface and groundwater pilot at Khammam districts. The main objective of the APWSIP is to manage the groundwater for sustainable development of irrigation water in respective pilots with the active and effective participation of stake holders. 

The estimated cost of these pilots is about Rs. 70 millions each with the World Bank Loan. The project period is 6 years begins from 2010-11

 Ground water studies taken up under APERP

Ground water studies have been taken up in 12 Irrigation Project command areas for implementation scope of conjunctive use methods. They are:

1. Nagarjuna Sagar Left Canal Command (Nalgonda, Khammam Districts)
2. Rajolibanda Diversion scheme command(Mahabubangar)
3. Nizam Sagar Project scheme command
 
The reports consisting of various conjunctive use strategies were submitted to CAD Department

 AP III Irrigation Project Ground water studies

 The department has studied continuously in 2 major command areas under AP III Irrigation Project Programme from 1997-98 to 2004-05. 

OBJECTIVES: 
1. Preventation of water logging. 
2. Provision of domestic water supply where G.W is suitable 
3. Augmenting irrigation supply using Groundwater. 
4. To plan conjunctive utilization of S.W and Ground Water so that optimum utilization of water resources is achieved and to increase irrigation potential.

 Indo-French project

The Indo French Project was taken up by National Geo Physical Research Institute (NGRI) in collaboration with BRGM, France and Ground Water Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh at Maheswaram Watershed in Rangareddy district, Andhra Pradesh. The objective of the project was to study the fractured aquifers and manage groundwater exploitation. The project was a period of 5 years, ending during 2003. 

The works taken up under the project were detailed Hydrogeological and Geo- Physical investigations to demarcate and know about the fracture aquifer system in the area, established high density observation well net work and monitoring the water levels at regular intervals, conducting long duration pumping tests, infiltration tests, monitoring of rainfall at close intervals and establishment of a Hydro Meteorological station at Maheswaram apart from groundwater quality studies.

 

3. MISSION KAKATIYA

 The Objective of Mission Kakatiya

  1. To enhance the development of agriculture based income for small and marginal farmers, by accelerating the development of minor irrigation infrastructure.
  2. Strengthening community based irrigation management and
  3. Adopting a comprehensive programme for restoration of tanks.

The major benefits of the Restoration of Tanks

  1. Expected gains from irrigated area expansion by covering gap
    ayacut (i.e.part of the planned area of tanks command that is currently not being covered by irrigation).
  2. Technology impacts through adoption of resource conservation-cum-production technologies when the project is fully implemented.
  3. Diversification to cover irrigated area under high-value and low water intensified crops such as chillies, maize and vegetables.
  4. Development of fisheries.
  5. Improvement of livestock.
  6. Increase in ground water levels and water quality there by getting the lands beyond command area under borewell irrigation.
  7. Power savings due to the reduced need for well irrigation that is currently used to supplement the insufficient tank water.   

Works to be taken up

a)   De-siltation and the use of silt application in the local fields.

b)   Restoration of Feeder Channel to the tank.

c)    Re-sectioning of Irrigation Channels & Repairs to CM & CD works.

d)   Repairs to Bund, Weir & Sluices.

e)    Raising of FTL, wherever possible.

Implementing Departments:

Irrigation & CAD Department         
Agriculture Department

Forest Department

Fisheries Department  

Revenue Department

Ground Water Department

(i)Monitor the groundwater levels and quality of groundwater.

(ii)Supply list of over exploited villages to the district S.Es/EEs

Rural Development Department

I & PR Department

 District wise Minor Irrigation Sources

Sl.No.

District

Sources finalised as on 18.10.2014

1

Adilabad

3951

2

Karimnagar

5939

3

Khammam

4517

4

Mahaboobnagar

7480

5

Medak

7941

6

Nalgonda

4762

7

Nizamabad

3251

8

Rangareddy

2851

9

Warangal

5839

Total

46531

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 1

 

STATEMENT SHOWING THE NUMBER OF TANKS AND OBSERVARTION WELLS IN STUDY AREAS UNDER MISSION KAKATIYA

 

Sl. No

District

Basin Name

Mandals Covered

No. of MI Tanks in the Basin

No of M.I Tanks desilted in Phase -I , M.K

No of M.I Tanks in Mandal under study

No.of OB Wells

Ayacut of Study Tanks

Quantity of Silt removed in Study Tanks

Quantity of desiltation (Volume created for Storage M3)

No of Piezometers in Basin

 
 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

 

1

ADILABAD

Dilwarpur

Dilawar pur

23

8

3

21

 

29401

52902

1

 

District Total

23

8

3

21

211

29401

52902

1

 

2

 WARANGAL

Raghunathpalli

Naremet

42

14

1

6

 

7397

64606

3

 

Raghunathapally

16

4

22

 

92732

75609

3

 

District Total

42

30

5

28

192

100129

140215

6

 

3

Rangareddy

Kandukur

Kandukur  (-1)

147

28

8

48

 

133573

238635

1

 

Ibrahimpatnam  (-1)

10

2

12

 

24975

50887

3

 

District Total

147

38

10

60

1655

158548

289521

4

 

4

Nizamabad

Chepur

Armoor

44

12

1

6

 

11719

72377

2

 

Balkonda

11

1

6

 

12223

114156

3

 

Morthada

10

1

4

 

5399

70201

3

 

Velpur

10

2

12

 

11577

64378

2

 

District Total

44

43

5

28

592

40918

321112

10

 

5

Nalgonda

B.Vellemla

Munugodu

75

14

2

10

 

80145

123419

3

 

Nalgonda

12

1

4

 

14206

180446

7

 

Narketpally

15

2

9

 

70394

112166

2

 

Chityala

14

1

4

 

7235

150591

1

 

District Total

75

55

6

27

469

171980

566622

13

 

6

Medak

Siddipet

Nanganoor

119

29

1

5

 

27050

145799

3

 

Chinnakodur

46

3

15

 

5000

115022

3

 

Sddipet

45

1

5

 

27900

133623

4

 

District Total

119

120

5

25

441

59950

394444

10

 

7

Khammam

Subledu

Thirumalayapalem

58

31

4

29

 

134000

280353

4

 

District Total

58

31

4

29

211

134000

280353

4

 

8

Mahaboobnagar

Midgil

Midgil

90

19

3

15

142

38514

59617

2

 

Talkondapally

16

2

8

56

13461

14344

1

 

District Total

90

35

5

23

198

51975

73961

3

 

9

Karimnagar

Husnabad

Husnabad

49

8

3

16

 

15351

44838

1

 

Bhimdevarapally

9

1

6

 

11963

81868

2

 

Koheda

17

1

5

 

10956

223752

2

 

District Total

49

34

5

27

76

38270

350459

5

 

Grand Total

647

394

48

268

4047

785171

2469588

56

 

 

 

 

 Groundwater Impact Assessment Due to Desiltation Carriedout under Mission Kakatiya

Ground Water Department, Telangana

Groundwater Impact Assessment Due to Desiltation Carriedout under Mission Kakatiya

For the Month Ending with September 2015.

SL.No

Parameter Description

Unit

District  and Name of the GEC Basin

Adilabad

Nizamabad

Medak

Rangareddy

Mahabubnagar

Karimnagar

Warangal

Khammam

Nalgonda

DILWARPUR

CHEPUR

SIDDIPET

KANDUKURU

MIDJIL

HUSNABAD

RAGHUNATH

PALLY

SUBLEDU

B.VELLEMLA

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

1

Total average Normal Rainfall of influencing Rain Guage stations in the Basin upto the end of September 2015   

mm

955

816.75

543.7

465.2

433.5

608.25

596.95

774

532.98

2

Total actual rainfall recorded in influencing Rain Guage stations in the Basin upto the end of September 2015

mm

739.2

418.55

406.9

305.2

204.7

626.5

568.9

655.4

585.2

3

Variation in rainfall when compared to its normal rainfall upto the end of September 2015

%

-22.6

-48.75

-25.16

-34.39

-52.78

3

-4.7

-15.32

9.8

4

Total Ayacut of MI tanks consider for Impact studies in the Basin

Ha

85.52

152.57

881.84

540

198.33

48.09

112.9

176.04

243.95

5

Total Quantity of silt removed from the MI tanks considered for impact studies upto the end of September 2015  

Cu.M

29402

53692

126836

121500

25169

70000

112527

134000

71107

6

Average pre-project Ground water level (May 2015) in the study area of MI tanks consider for impact studies( below ground level)  

m

11.59

12.82

12.94

18.16

17.72

10.68

13.64

10.25

16.7

7

Average depth of Ground Water level recorded during September 2015 in the study area of MI tanks consider for impact studies( below ground level)  

m

8.7

13.19

12.92

21.38

18.98

9.99

7.27

7.83

13.62

8

Average fall or rise in Ground Water level with reference to pre project (May 2015) water level in the study area of MI tanks consider for impact studies by the end of September 2015

m

2.89

-0.37

0.02

-3.22

-1.26

0.69

6.37

2.42

3.08

9

Total study area (core command and zone of tank influence) of MI tanks consider for impact studies in the Basin   

Ha

427.6

762.85

4409.2

2700

991.65

240.45

564.5

880.2

1219.75

10

Average rise in Ground water level in the study area of MI tanks considered for impact studies due to de-siltation  

m

0.23

0.23

0.1

0.15

0.08

0.97

0.66

0.51

0.19

11

Average addition to ground water storage in the study area due to de-silting in MI tanks considered for impact studies

Ha.m

2.9402

5.3692

12.6836

12.15

2.5169

7

11.2527

13.4

7.1107

 

 

4. JAL KRANTI ABHIYAN

 Jal Kranti Abhiyan” is the programme launched to consolidate water conservation and management in the country through a holistic and integrated approach involving all stakeholders, making it a mass movement.

 Objectives:

  • Strengthening grass root involvement of all stakeholders including Panchayat Raj Institutions and local bodies in the water security and development schemes (e.g. Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM);
  • Encouraging the adoption/utilization of traditional knowledge in water resources conservation and its management;
  • To utilize sector level expertise from different levels in government, NGO’s, citizens etc., and
  • Enhancing livelihood security through water security in rural areas.

 Strategies:

The broad strategies to be adopted for successful achievement of objectives of the “Jal Kranti Abhiyan” will be as follows:

  1. Use of modern techniques coupled with traditional wisdom for devising area/region specific innovative measures for increasing water security;
  2. Revival of traditional knowledge and sources for water conservation and utilization;
  3. Encouraging conjunctive use of surface and groundwater;
  4. Promotion of appropriate technologies for efficient and sustainable use of rainwater; Old and new ground water schemes, Creation of additional facilities for water conservation through construction of water harvesting structures;
  5. Rainwater harvesting for recharge to be made mandatory for residential, commercial and industrial buildings/premises;
  6. Selected interventions for maintaining the specified water quality standards;
  7. Convergence of efforts of various departments in water resources development and management;
  8. Promotion of social regulation for meeting the demand as well as for optimizing the use‐efficiency of water for various purposes especially industry, agriculture and domestic;
  9. Institutionalization of village participation in water related schemes and projects and cost sharing for O&M by the community to instill a sense of belongingness, accountability and responsible partnership.
  10. Provision for incentivizing / honouring PRIs for devising innovative/unique ways to create water security in their areas for amelioration in water related issues.
  11. A logo for Jal Kranti Abhiyan shall be used to connect positively  with all stakeholders.

 Activities proposed under Jal Kranti Abhiyan

(i)   Jal Gram Yojana

(ii)   Development of Model Command Area

(iii)   Pollution abatement

(iv)   Mass Awareness Programme

(v)    Other Activities

 JAL GRAM YOJANA

            Under this activity, water conservation and water security schemes are tobe taken up to ensure optimum and sustainable provision of water to at least one water stressed village in each 672 districts of the country with effective involvement of stakeholders.

  • One village, in every district facing acute water scarcity, shall be selected as “Jal Gram”.
  • A comprehensive integrated development plan for each Jal Gram

shall be made by block level committees on the basis of available data regarding sources, quantity and quality of water in the village as well as the projected requirements. The committee will formulate an integrated development plan for providing water in required quantity and quality in a sustainable manner.

 Activities proposed under Jal Gram Yojana:

1)     Repair, Renovation & Restoration of existing and abandoned water bodies (reservoirs, tanks,    ponds etc.) along with its distribution system within its command.

2)      Rainwater harvesting and Artificial recharge of ground water

3)      Recycling of waste water

4)      Mass awareness program for active participation of farmers

5)      Micro irrigation for water use efficiency Reclamation of water logged areas through bio‐drainage etc.

6)      Community based water monitoring

7)      Innovation and Technology application

8)      Pollution abatement (Surface and ground water)

9)      Capacity building of Water User Associations and Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRI’s). 

 

TENTATIVE PROJECT COST OF JALGRAM VILLAGES IN TELANGANA STATE
S. NO DISTRICT MANDAL VILLAGE DEPARTMENT Total Cost
Irrigation District Water Management Agency Agriculture Horticulture Animal Husbandry RWS&S

Ground water

Department

No.of structures Cost         (in lakhs) No.of structures Cost      (in lakhs) No.of structures Cost          (in lakhs) No.of structures Cost             (in lakhs) No.of Units Cost             (in lakhs) No.of Units Cost             (in lakhs) No.of structures Cost                  (in lakhs)
1 Adilabad Nirmal Muktapur 0 0 343.00 65.56 120 48 120 120         73 36.3 269.86
Adilabad Nirmal Akkapur 2 11.00 389 61.32 100 40 100 100         32 15.80 228.12
2 Karimnagar Husnabad Potlapalli 7 195 101 26.02 80 8.5 142 96.32 363 22.45 1 70 13 51 469.29
Karimnagar Bejjanki Ganneruvaram 14 501 296 36.74 300 82 100 426.06 670 42.65 1 140 18 98.06 1326.51
3 khammam Tirumalayapalem Bachodu 1 10.00 6 35.25 41 10.25 100 60.00         4.0 9.34 124.84
khammam Kusumanchi Chowtapalli     20 10.12     100 107.00         6.0 3.0 120.12
4 Mahabubnagar Kalwakurthy Venkatapur 3 61.70 302 36.74 100 41 228 196.22 360 22.45 1 70.00 23 49.50 477.61
Mahabubnagar Amanagal Mudvin 4 43.21 330 41.59 225 61.5 80 610.81 187 11.25 1 180.00 17 88.00 1036.36
5 Medak Jagdevpur Kondapur 3 16.46 227 34.22 100 70.0 130 109.45 141 6.75 1 17.5 12 46.37 300.75
Medak Chinnakodur Gangaram 6 48.15 511 70.2 220 119.75 200 70 141 6.75 1 50 12 35.93 340.00
6 Nalgonda Chityal Ellikatta 7 106 550 15.3                 8 27 148.30
Nalgonda S. Narayanapur Gudimalkapur 8 143 322 51.6                 18 27 221.60
7 Nizamabad Jakranpally Jakranpally     1478 192 605 242             4.0 0.66 434.66
Nizamabad Bodhan Pendakurd 627 250.8 798 95.76                 4.0 5.66 352.22
8 Rangareddy Ibrahimpatnam Raipol     21 23.50                 26 23.5 47.00
Rangareddy Medchal Bandamadhawaram 5 8.00 14 17.4                 19 25.4 50.80
9 Warangal Raghunadhpalli Madavaram 11 30.7 646 167.4     185 194.5 314 23.4 1 80 7 12 508.00
Warangal Bachannapet Bandanagaram 7 86 458 125.35     99 103.7 233 9.5 1 75.5 9 12 412.05
Grand Total 705 1511.02 6812 1106.07 1891 723.00 1584 2194.06 2409 145.20 8 683.00 305 566.52 5900.82

 

5. PRADHANA MANTRI KRISHI SINCHAYI YOJANA (PMKSY)

 PMKSY formulated by Government of India to achieve, 

  1. To achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level.
  2. Expand cultivable area under assured irrigation.
  3. Improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water.
  4. Enhance the adoption of precision- irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop).
  5. Enhance recharge of aquifers and
  6. Introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for
    peri-urban agriculture and attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.

 PMKSY has been conceived amalgamating ongoing schemes viz.

  1. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP)
  2. Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP)and
  3. On Farm Water Management (OFWM).

    Under PMKSY, states will prepare their own Irrigation Development Plans based on District Irrigation Plan (DIP) and State Irrigation Plan (SIP). It will be seperative as convergence platform for all water sector activities including Drinking Water Sanitation, MGNREGA through comprehensive plan.

District wise Plan of Ground Water Development is given below:

S.No

District

Net Groundwater Availability

Draft

Balance

Proposed Structures

Expected Irrigation Area (Ha)

1

Mahabubnagar

163334

73546

81313

2355

2825

2

Rangareddy

64346

45257

18452

618

568

3

Khammam

202389

58182

139986

1536

3621

4

Karimnagar

177279

113286

55820

3735

24403

5

Adilabad

155359

55229

98221

326

766

6

Nizamabad

120367

83218

34153

1994

5763

7

Medak

117605

99039

14029

4439

6460

8

Nalgonda

191033

113577

74815

529

5711

9

Warangal

175768

108900

63279

9664

22710

  

6. Hydrology Project Phase-I (1996-2002) erstwhile Andhra Pradesh

             The World Bank Assisted Hydrology Project Phase-I was successfully implemented by Ground Water Department with a project cost of Rs.31.0 Crores.

            The project objective is to improve the institutional and organizational arrangements, technical capabilities and physical facilities available for measurement, validation, collation, analysis, transfer and dissemination of hydrological, hydro-meteorological and water quality data for basic water resource evaluation.

 The project components were aimed at:

  • Improving the observation well network for monitoring of ground water levels and water quality.
  • Upgradation of chemical laboratories.
  • Establishment of Computerized data centers.
  • Enhancing the technical capabilities of departmental personnel by providing specialized trainings.

 Implementation of the project in Telangana has resulted in

  • 6 hourly Groundwater level data was collected through 420 AWLRs from purpose built piezometers.
  • Primary and Secondary validation of the data is carried out at  District Data Centres.
  • Final validation, preparation of periodicals and reports at the State Data Centre for planning and better management of ground water resources.
  • Analysis of water samples upto 30 to 70 parameters at the level II and level II + quality labs respectively established at 2 locations.
  • Creation of successful Hydrological Information System (HIS).
  • Upgradation of the skills of the Officers in handling sophisticated equipment, software, data collection, validation, and analysis and data management.
  • Better understanding of the ground water regime.  The data generated is being used in the state for implementing the water management programmes for drought proofing measures and categorization of areas for taking up recharge measures.  For effective implementation for various programmes the analyzed data on groundwater in relation to causative factors is being furnished to all the implementing agencies and the people at larger through monthly reports and brochures.

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7. HYDROLOGY PROJECT-II (2006-2014) erstwhile Andhra Pradesh

 The project development objective is to extend and promote the sustained and effective use of the Hydrological Information System (HIS) by all potential users concerned with water resources planning and management, both public and private, thereby contributing to improved productivity and cost effectiveness of water related investments.

 Hydrology Project-II with Credit No.4749-IN funded by World Bank under 

IBRD loan implemented by esrtwhile AP Ground Water Department. Originally project period was for six years and extended upto 31-05-2014. Original project cost was Rs.10.8062 Cr. and the same was increased to Rs.33.4876 Cr. under erstwhile Andhra Pradesh.

 The project consists of the following main components and sub components:

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 Awareness raising workshops were conducted

 As a part of awareness raising activity department has planned to organize awareness creation workshops on water resources availability, management, conservation and water quality etc., to the farming community, water users, school children etc., The activity is basically focused in rural areas in particular ground water over exploited areas. The workshops are planned in coordination with other related organizations like agriculture, horticulture, irrigation, rural development, rural water supply etc. apart from local politicians. Workshops are carried out to farming community, progresive farmers, industrialist & school children. The work shops are organized through local Non Government Organisation (NGO) and the participants to the workshops were guided on effective utilization of water resources available, water audit, promotion of micro irrigation etc. The awareness is also promoted through baladeer (locally called Kalajatara) and mass media.

 

Awareness to farming community

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Awareness to school children 

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Apart from above, it was also planned to create awareness on Groundwater management and conservation through advertising on rural bus transport and screen scrolling at Railway station  by way of giving messages on groundwater resource and management. All India Radio talks to farming community, Television interviews & phone in programmes were also carried out by Department on water conservation & management.

 Awareness at public places     

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Decision Support System (Planning) 

Development of Decision Support System (Planning) is one of the sub component under Vetical Extension. The study area proposed under DSS (P) is “Middle Godavari Sub-basin”(G-5) covered in parts of Adilabad, Nizamabad and Karimnagar districts. 

  The objective of study proposed under Ground water component is for conjunctive use planning of Surface water & Ground water in command area and drought management planning in non-command area of G5 basin.

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Outcome of the project

  1. The prediction of groundwater levels and the possibilities of increasing groundwater availability through artificial recharge structures in drought area were done.
  2. The effect of conjunctive use of ground water was established in four GEC basins of G-5 Command area which can address canal tail end problems.
  3. Groundwater Quality and suitability assessment for irrigation in the study areas was done.
  4. A Web GIS Application was developed for Data Dissemination i.e., Piezometer water levels, Hydrographs and Rainfall deficit basin.

 Purpose Driven Studies

 Purpose Driven Study:

Study on Urban Hydrology, Groundwater Quality, Pollution and Management of Ground Water in Hussain Sagar Micro Basin, Part of Musi Sub Basin of Krishna Basin covering parts of Hyderabad and Ranga Reddy District, Telangana. 

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Objective:

 To assess the present status of groundwater pollution due to urbanization as well as industrial emissions and quantification of groundwater resources (with special reference to dynamic resources) in Hussainsagar Catchment the study is under taken under Purpose Driven Studies (PDS)

 Hydrological Information System (HIS)

 Hydrological Information System (HIS) created by Telangana State Ground Water Department:

 Ground Water Department is monitoring Groundwater regime of Telangana State through a net work of 2354 observation wells which include  319 General Observation Wells (Open Wells) and 858 purpose built Piezometers, of which 370 Piezometers were fitted with Automatic Water Level Recorders(AWLRs) which are not working and needs replacement

 Frequency of Monitoring

            Piezometers with AWLRs:                6th Hourly

            Piezometers (Manually):                         Monthly

            General observation wells:          6 Times in a Year ( Jan, March, May,
                                                                     July, Sept & Nov )    

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Data Validation

 Primary validation of the data is done at field level by comparing digital water level data with manual water level reading and surrounding groundwater usage. The secondary validation of groundwater levels is being carried out at District Data Centre by utilizing groundwater application software. Further processing of the data is being carried out at State.

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Data Dissemination 

  • The Status of groundwater situation of a mandal/district/state is being provided to administrators, planners user agencies at state, & districts level on monthly basis and as per request.
  • The Groundwater situation is also disseminated to farming community and water users through various department activities ie., Awareness programs, poster display and production of documentaries etc.,
  • Groundwater status, resource estimation, water level reports, department activities etc., are also disseminated to the public through department web site

8. NATIONAL HYDROLOGY PROJECT (Ongoing)

 National Hydrology Project (NHP) has been envisaged by Ministry of Water Resources (MoWR), River Development & Ganga River Rejuvenation (RD & GR), as a follow-up and extension of Hydrology Project Phase-I & II with Pan-India coverage. The Project development objective is to improve the data, information and knowledge system to strengthen Water Resources Planning, operation and Management across India.

 Total cost of the project under GW component is Rs.70.00 Cr & project period is for 8 years (2015-16 - 2022-23) funded by MoWR under Central Sector Scheme (CSS) with 100% grant.

 The Following are the Components under Groundwater

Project Component

Total

A. Water Resources Data  Acquisition System

42

B. Water Resources Information System (WRIS)

3.5

C. Water Resources Operation and Planning

10.5

D. Institutions Capacity Enhancement

14.0

         Total

70.0

 

  1. Water Resources Data Acquisition System                                                                                                    The present Network of Piezometers is proposed to enhance to 1500 from existing 900 with a view to optimise the monitoring network. The additional requirement of GW monitoring Stations i.e. Piezometers have been worked out based on                                                                                
    • Considering at least 3 monitoring Stations in a Groundwater Basin i.e. at ridge, middle, valley.  Protection works for additional piezometers constructed under HP-II are also proposed
    • Real Time Data Acquisition System (RTDAS)
    • The proposed piezometer network is aimed to assess groundwater resources effectively.
    • Upgradation of Water Quality Labs to improve GW Quality analysis and creation of new lab to distribute the load for timely analysis.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
  2. Water Resources Information System (WRIS)                                                                                  
    • Strengthening of Web Based Portal for Ground Water resources Information compatible for Mobile Applications
    • Creation of State Data Information System and Integrate with National WRIS
                                                                                      
  3. Water Resources Operation and Planning                                                                                        
    • Decision Support System (Planning) (DSS(P)) in SRSP system - To develop comprehensive DSS to manage Water resources.
    • Purpose Driven Studies - Studies on Quality, Groundwater Recharge & Aquifer Management, Groundwater and Surface Water Interaction, Estimation of Aquifer Parameters, Ground Water Modeling have been proposed at micro level to apply suitability at macro level.                                                                                                                                                                       
  4. Institutions Capacity Enhancement                                                                                                   
    • Establishment of River Basin Information Centres and District Informatics Centres
    • Institutional Modernization Support with software / Equipment
    • To disseminate the Resource information effectively among user community / Groups and systematic documentation of the water resources management tools using Audio Visuals through Awareness raising Activity.
    • Operation & Maintenance for the data collection, analysis and dissemination

Project Outcome

The major outcomes of the proposed project are:

  • Consolidation & Strengthening of Groundwater Monitoring Systems
  • Real Time Ground water Resource Assessment Population on Web
  • Creation of Centralised Database for effective data dissemination for decision makers
  • Development of Centralised Groundwater information System for Hydrological data users
  • Strengthening of Groundwater Quality Analysis to meet projected requirements of state stake holders i.e. farmers
  • Creation of Database of Aquifer Characteristics for entire state (all GEC basins) for Groundwater resources estimation and management with improved accuracy
  • To achieve improved Water Resources Management Application Tools & water Knowledge products
  • To improve  capabilities to build capacity of the department by strengthening institutional knowledge Centres and to meet management and Technical expertisation.